RoSPro Baseline Report

Socio-economic and environmental factors regarding mountain spring source utilization and management in four sites of Dhankuta district, Koshi Province, Nepal


This study was conducted as part of the Roadside Spring Protection to Improve Water Security (RoSPro) project by MetaMeta, ICIMOD, and FutureWater. It investigates the drying up of spring sources in Dhankuta, a mid-hill district in eastern Nepal, and its impact on local livelihoods. Focusing on four selected spring sources, the study explores biophysical, socioeconomic, and governance contexts to address water resource management challenges faced by the community.

The primary objective is to secure roadside spring sources with appropriate interventions, reduce road damage caused by seeping spring water, and lower maintenance costs. The linkage between springs and roads is crucial, as improper road construction without skilled personnel and adequate drainage exacerbates the problem, affecting crop fields, houses, and vehicular movement.

Key findings include:

  • Decreasing Water Availability: Spring water quantity has decreased by 25-50%, with 31% of respondents shifting to alternative water sources.
  • Community Dependence: 89% of households rely on spring water, which is often collected through direct pipe connections and stored in various vessels.
  • Agricultural Impact: Insufficient water for irrigation affects agricultural productivity, with an average landholding size of 10 ropani.

The study highlights the need for sustainable water management and improved road construction practices to mitigate the adverse effects on the community. It also underscores active community participation and recommends measures to enhance water resource management, road development, and agricultural practices.

For more information, please access the baseline report here.

Share this article

Last modified: May 31, 2024