Index

References

AFCAP (2011) Using ‘road works’ to enhance community water supply in Mozambique. Phase 1 Final Report.

Agujetas Perez, Marta, Fredu Nega Tegebu & Frank van Steenbergen (2016). Roadside Planting in Ethiopia: Turning a Problem into an Opportunity. Sustainability in Environment.
ISSN 2470-637X (Print) ISSN 2470-6388 (Online) Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016. www.scholink.org/ojs/index.php/se

Al-Abyadh, M.A. (2017). War Environmental Impact along roads in Yemen. Sustainable Pavement Design & Management, Greening Road Projects. 5th IRF Middle East Regional Congress & Exhibition. October 29-31, 2017-Dubai, UAE.

Alongi, D. M. (2008). Mangrove forests: Resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 76(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ECSS.2007.08.024

Asian Development Bank (2017). Meeting Asia’s Infrastructural Needs: Highlights. Manilla: Asian Development Bank.

Bai, Z.G., Dent, D.L., Olsson, L. and Schaepman, M.E. (2008). Global assessment of land degradation and improvement: Identification by remote sensing. GLADA report 5. Rome/Wageningen: FAO/ISRIC

Beevers, Lindsay, Wim Douven, Helmi Lazuardi, Henk Verheij (2012). Cumulative impacts of road developments in floodplains. Transportation Research Part D 17 (2012) 398–404.

Begum, M. (2004). Factors affecting family size in rural Bangladesh. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 30(3), 115–24. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16240982

Bender, H. (2009). Pistes rurales et mésures antierosives. Recommendations techniques. Bender Associates.

Berhe, A. W. (2018), Improving the design of road hydraulic structures for water harvesting: the case of Senkata (Freweyni)-Hawzen-Abreha Weatsbeha Road, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis. Mekelle University.

Betar.pt. (2018). ANE – National Administration of Roads (Mozambique) – Clients | Projetos Engenharia Civil, Pontes e Viadutos – Grupo Betar. http://www.betar.pt/en/item/11-clients/1762-ane-national-administration-of-roads-mozambique

Bolch, T., Kulkarni, A., Kääb, A., Huggel, C., Paul, F., Cogley, J. G., Stoffel, M. (2012). The state and fate of Himalayan glaciers. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.121582

Bryan, R. B., & Schnabel, S. (1994). Estimation of Sedimentation Rates in the Chemeron Reservoir. Advances in Geoecology , 42, 231-248.

Brammer, H. (2014). Bangladesh’s dynamic coastal regions and sea-level rise. Climate Risk Management, 1, 51–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2013.10.001

Bruni, Marco Spuhler, Dorothee. (2018). “Water Source Protection | SSWM.” https://www.sswm.info/sswm-university-course/module-4-sustainable-water-supply/further-resources-water-sources-hardware/water-source-protection (May 22, 2018)

Budzynski, M., Jamroz, K., Jelinski, L., & Antoniuk, M. (2016). Why are Trees Still Such a Major Hazard to Drivers in Poland? Transportation Research Procedia, 14, 4150–4159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.386

Buwal, S. (2003). Wegleitung Grundwasserschutz – Konsultationsentwurf Oktober 2003. Vollzug Umwelt. Bundesamt für Umwelt, Wald und Landschaft, Bern. 135.

California department of Transportation (Caltrans) (2007). Fish Passage Design for Road Crossings. An engineering document providing fish passage design guidance for Caltrans projects.

Church, J. A., Gregory, J., Huybrechts, P., Kuhn, M., Lambeck, K., Nhuan, M., Woodworth, P. L. (2001). Changes in sea level. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis: Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel, 639–694. Retrieved from http://epic.awi.de/4506/1/Chu2001a.pdf%5Cnpapers://f554698c-bc30-43aa-8c0c-c8de8adb48e4/Paper/p2603

CSIR-CRRI (2013). Guidelines for Planning and Construction of Roads in Cyclone Prone Areas. New Delhi. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/phanis9/guidelines-for-planning-and-construction-of-roads-in-cyclone-prone-areas

Dayton, P., Curran, S., Kitchingman, A., Wilson, M., Catenazzi, A., Restrepo, J., Dan Ling Tang, L. (2005). Coastal Systems. Retrieved from https://www.millenniumassessment.org/documents/document.288.aspx.pdf

Demenge, J., Alba, R., Welle, K., Manjur, K., Addisu, A., Mehta, L., & Woldearegay, K. (2015). Multifunctional Roads: The Potential Effects of Combined Roads and Water Harvesting Infrastructure on Livelihood and Poverty in Ethiopia. Journal of Infrastructure Development, 7(2), 165–180. https://doi.org/10.1177/0974930615609482

Desta, L., Carucci, V., Wendem-Agenehu, A., Abebe, Y. (eds). (2005). Community-based Participatory Watershed Development: A guideline. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Devkota, S., Sudmeier-Rieux, K., Penna, I., Eberle, S., Jaboyedoff, M., Adhikari, A. and R. Khanal (2014) Community-based bio-engineering for eco-safe roadsides in Nepal. Lausanne: University of Lausanne, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Nepal and Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management, Government of Nepal.

Dierkes, C. (1999). Verhalten von Schwermetallen im Regenabfluss von Verkehrsflächen bei der Versickerung über poröse Deckbeläge. Forum Siedlungswasserwirtschaft und Abfallwirtschaft Universität GH Essen, Heft 14.

Dobbs, R., Pohl, H., Lin, D.-Y., Mischke, J., Garemo, N., Hexter, J., Nanavatty, R. (2013). Infrastructure productivity: how to save $1 trillion a year. McKinsey Global Institute, (January), 100. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:Infrastructure+productivity:+How+to+save+$1+trillion+a+year#0

DoLIDAR (2009). Rural Road Maintenance: Technical Handbook. Feb/March 2009. Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road, Ministry of Local Development, Nepal.

DoLIDAR (2012). Nepal Rural Road Standards 2055 (1st Revision). September 2012. Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.

DoLIDAR (2014). Nepal Rural Road Standards 2055 (2nd revision). December 2012. Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.

DoLIDAR (2016a). Road Maintenance Groups: Guidelines. March 2016. Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road, Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration, Nepal.

DoLIDAR (2016b). Statistics of Local Road Network (SLRN) 2016. December 2016. Department of Local Infrastructure and Agricultural Road, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Kathmandu, Nepal.

DoR (2016). Nepal Road Data: Statistics of Strategic Road Network 2015/16. Department of Road, Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Douven, W., Buurman, J., Beevers, L., Verheij, H., Goichot, M., Nguyen, N. A., Ngoc, H. M. (2012). Resistance versus resilience approaches in road planning and design in delta areas: Mekong floodplains in Cambodia and Vietnam. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 55(10), 1289–1310. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2011.644848

Douven, W., Goichot, M., & Verheij, H. (2009). Roads and Floods: Best Practice Guidelines for the Integrated Planning and Design of Economically Sound and Environmentally Friendly Roads in the Mekong Floodplains of Cambodia and Viet Nam: Synthesis Report. Delft Cluster. Retrieved from https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid%3Abe31676b-5563-43e0-91e0-f68298e16c0c

Dung, L. V., Phong, L. T., Danh, L. T., & Truong, P. (n.d.). Vetiver System for Wave and Current Erosion Control in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Retrieved from http://www.vetiver.org/VVN_wave and current.pdf

Eastaugh, C. S., Rustomji, P. K., & Hairsine, P. B. (2008). Quantifying the altered hydrologic connectivity of forest roads resulting from decommissioning and relocation. Hydrological Processes, 22(14), 2438–2448. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6836

Ebinger, J.O. and N. Vandijcke (2015). Moving toward climate resilient transport: the World Bank’s experience from building adaptation into programs. Washington DC: World Bank.

ERA – Ethiopian Roads Authority (2011). Design Manual for Low Volume Roads, Part E.

FAO (1981). Training Manual on Fishery: Chapter 2: Estimate of Water Requirements. Retrieve from: http://www.fao.org/fishery/static/FAO_Training/FAO_Training/General/x6705e/x6705e02.htm#84s [accessed 28 October 2018].

Federal Highway Administration (2015). International Practices on Climate Adaptation in Transportation: Findings from virtual review. Synthesis Report. US Department of Transportation and John A. Volpe National Transportation System Centre.

Federal Highway Administration (2016). Is Highway Runoff a Serious Problem? FHWA Environmental Technology Brief. Publication Number: FHWA-RD-98-079. Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/research/infrastructure/structures/98079/runoff.cfm

Forman, R. T. T. (2003). Road ecology: Science and Solutions. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Gallagher, J., Baldauf, R., Fuller, C. H., Kumar, P., Gill, L. W., & McNabola, A. (2015). Passive
methods for improving air quality in the built environment: A review of porous and solid barriers. Atmospheric Environment, 120, 61-70.

Garcia-Landarte Puertas, D. K., Woldearegay, L., Mehta, M., van Beusekom, M., Agujetas, & F. Van Steenbergen. (2014). Roads for water: The unused potential. Waterlines, 33, 120-138.

Grace, J. M., & Elliot, W. J. (2008). Determining soil erosion from roads in the coastal plain of Alabama. In International Erosion Control Association – 39th Annual Conference and Expo of the International Erosion Control Association 2008 – Environmental Connection 2008: Drive Your Future.

Granato, G.E., Church P.E, and Stone, V.J. (1995). Mobilization of Major and Trace Constituents of Highway Runoff in Groundwater Potentially Caused by Deicing Chemical Migration. Highway Research Record No. 1483, Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Greenfield, J.C. (2008). The vetiver system for soil and water conservation, The Vetiver Network International.

Greening, T. (2011). Quantifying the impacts of vehicle-generated dust: A comprehensive approach. Transport Research Support Program. Washington DC: World Bank.

GIZ and KfW (2013).Water-spreading weirs for the development  of degraded dry river valleys: experience from the Sahel. Eschborn: GIZ.

GTZ [Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit]. (2008). Practitioner’s Guide. Method: Rural Road Construction Strategy. Example: Community-Based Road Construction for Livelihood Improvement in Far-Western Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal: GTZ.

Hagen, L., & Skidmore, E. (1971). Windbreak drag as influenced by Porosity. Transactions of the ASAE, 14(3), 464–465. Retrieved from http://afrsweb.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/54300520/1095 Windbreak drag as influenced by porosity.pdf

Hanes, R.E., Zelazny, L.W., and Blaster, R.E. (1970). Effects of Deicing Salts on Water Quality and Biota. National Cooperative Highway Research Program No. 91, Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Haque, U., Hashizume, M., Kolivras, K. N., Overgaard, H. J., Das, B., & Yamamoto, T. (2012). Reduced death rates from cyclones in Bangladesh: what more needs to be done? Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 90(2), 150–156. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.11.088302

Hearn, G., Petley, D., Hart, A., Massey, C., Chant, C. (2003). Landslide Risk Assessment in the Rural Sector: Guidelines on Best Practice. October 2003. Department for International Development (DFID), UK.

Hebson, C. (2015). Adapting large culvert design policy for climate change. ICNet DOT Workshop 30 April 2015. University of New Hampshire, Durham NH. Available in: http://theicnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/2015-06-Hebson-DOT-Culvert.pdf

HELVETAS (2011). Rural Access Roads: Generate Mobility, Revenue and Pride. Impact Study from rural access roads in Eastern Burkino Faso. Retrieved from https://www.helvetas.org/Publications-PDFs/helvetas_advisory_issue_sheet_burkina_faso_rural_access_roads_e.pdf [accessed 1 November 2018]

HELVETAS (2016). Developing a participatory approach for roadside protection of rural roads in Nepal. May 2016. Lalitpur, Nepal.

Heinzman, B. (1993). Beschaffenheit und weitergehende Aufbereitung von städtischen Regenabflüssen. Fortschritt-Berichte Reihe 15, Nr.113, VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf.

Howell, J. (2008). Study of Road Embankment Erosion and Protection. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a08bb7ed915d3cfd000ebc/Seacap19-TP6.pdf

Ibisch, P. L., Hoffmann, M. T., Kreft, S., Pe’er, G., Kati, V., & Biber-Freudenberger, L. (2016). A global map of roadless areas and their conservation status. Nature, 1423 – 1427.

Immerzeel, W. W., Pellicciotti, F., & Bierkens, M. F. P. (2013). Rising river flows throughout the twenty-first century in two Himalayan glacierized watersheds. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), 742–745. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1896

Islam, M. N. (2000). Embankment Erosion Control: Towards Cheap and Simple Practical Solutions for Bangladesh. Retrieved from http://prvn.rdpb.go.th/files/CP-3-1.PDF

Jiang, Z., Li, X., Ma, Y. (2013). Water and Energy Conservation of Rainwater Harvesting System in the Loess Plateau of China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 12(8), 1389-1395.

Kadenyi, N. and T. Kioko (2019). Socio-economic effects and impacts of road run-off harvesting in arid and semi-arid lands for climate resilience with road water management. MetaMeta Research

Kadenyi, N. (2018). Assessment of Socio-economic importance of Roadside Tree Planting in Arid and Semi-Arid areas, Case Study at Kathome/Kawongo, Kitui County. MetaMeta Research.

Kalam, A. A., & Matsushima, K. (2016). International conference on Transport and Road Research. Dhaka. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a09dcced915d622c001bbb/61280-AzadAKMatsushimaK-2016-SustainableSlopeProtectionSolution-ICTRR2016Paper-ReCAP-v20160316.pdf

Keller, G., Ketcheson, G. (2015). Storm Damage Risk Reduction Guide for Low-Volume Roads, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Forest Service, National Technology & Development Program, 7700, Transportation Mgmt, 1277 1814—SDTDC.

Krauth, K. H. and Klein H. (1982). Untersuchung über die Beschaffenheit des Oberflächenwassers von Bundesautobahnen, Teil II: Untersuchungen an der BAB-A6. Schriftenreihe Forschung Straßenbau und Straßenverkehrstechnik, BMV, Heft 363.

Kresic, N., Stevanovic, Z. (eds). (2010). Groundwater Hydrology of Springs. Engineering, Theory, Management and Sustainability. Elsevier, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.

Krzyżanowski, M. B., Kuna-Dibbert, & Schneider, J. (2005). Health effects of transport-related air pollution. WHO Regional Office, Europe.

Kubbinga, B. (2012). Road Runoff Harvesting in the Drylands of Sub-Saharan Africa: Its Potential for Assisting Smallholder Farmers in Coping with Water Scarcity and Climate Change, Based on Case Studies in Eastern Province, Kenya, MSc thesis, Amsterdam Vrije University.

Leghari, S. K., & Zaidi, M. A. (2013). Effect of air pollution on the leaf morphology of common plant species of Quetta city. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45(SPL.ISS), 447–454.

Lennartz, T. (2013). Constructing Roads—Constructing Risks? Settlement Decisions in View of Landslide Risk and Economic Opportunities in Western Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 33(4), 364-367. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/mounresedeve.33.4.364

LGED. (2005). Road Design Standards, Rural Roads.

Li, Y., Du, G., & Liu, Y. (2016). Transforming the Loess Plateau of China. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 3(3), 181–185. https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FASE-2016110

Luce, C. H., Rieman, B. E., Jason, D. B., Clayton, J. L., King, J. G., & Black, T. A. (2001). Incorporating Aquatic Ecology into Decisions on Prioritization of Roads Decommissioning. Water Resource Impact, 3 (3), 8-14.

Lutz, A. F., Immerzeel, W. W., Shrestha, A. B., & Bierkens, M. F. P. (2014). Consistent increase in High Asia’s runoff due to increasing glacier melt and precipitation. Nature Climate Change, 4(7), 587–592. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2237

Mahanuni, K., Kulkarni, H. (2012). Groundwater Resources and Spring Hydrogeology in South Sikkim, with special reference to Climate Change. In: Arrawatia, M.L. and Tambe, S. (eds), Climate Change in Sikkim: Patterns, Impacts and Initiatives. Government of Sikkim, Gangtok, Sikkim.

Maher, B. A., Ahmed, I. A. M., Davison, B., Karloukovski, V., & Clarke, R. (2013). Impact of roadside tree lines on indoor concentrations of traffic-derived particulate matter. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 13737-13744.

Maine Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual (2010): Volume III. BMP Technical Design Manual. Section 8.4. Permeable Road Base.

Megahan, W. F., Wilson, M., & Monsen, B. S. (2001). Sediment Production from Granitic Cutslopes on Forest Roads in Idaho, USA. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 26, 153-163.

Meng, J. (2011). “Cisterns Secure Drinking Water in SW China – People’s Daily Online.” http://en.people.cn/90882/7562987.html (May 7, 2018).

Meng, Z., Wu, J. S., & Allan, C. J. (2013). Hydrologic Connectivity for Highway Runoff Analysis at Watershed Scale. Journal of Water Management Modeling. https://doi.org/10.14796/JWMM.R246-02

Meuli, C., and Wehrle, K. (2001). Spring catchment. SKAT, Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management.

MetaMeta (2017). Uncovering the Opportunities for Improving Road Water Management for Resilience in Mahottari District, Nepal. MetaMeta Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Morschel, Jean, Dennis Fox, Jean-François Bruno. Limiting sediment deposition on roadways: topographic controls on vulnerable roads and cost analysis of planting grass buffer strips. Environmental Science and Policy, Elsevier, 2004, pp.39-45.

MRWA Waterways Section and BG&E Pty LTD (2006). Floodway Design Guide (2006). https://doi.org/6702-02-2230

Mulmi A.D. (2009). Green road approach in rural road construction for the sustainable development of Nepal. Journal of Sustainable Development 2(3): 149–165.

MWI (2015). Practice Manual for Small Dams, Pans and Other Water Conservation Structures in Kenya. State Department for Water, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Government of Kenya.

Napper, C. (2008). Soil and Water Road-Condition Index – Desk Reference. The San Dimas Technology and Development Center of the Forest Service, USDA. Retrieved from https://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdf/08771807.pdf

National Research Council (1994). Ground water recharge using waters of impaired quality. Washington, DC, USA: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/read/4780/chapter/4#36

National Research Council (2008). Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Nega, F., and Hussein, E. (2016). Quantifying the road influence zone on socio-economic development in rural Tigray, Ethiopia. The Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute (HESPI). Working Paper 03/16.

Nepal, S., & Shrestha, A. B. (2015). Impact of climate change on the hydrological regime of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins: a review of the literature. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 31(2), 201–218. https://doi.org/10.1080/07900627.2015.1030494

Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment (2016). Climate Change Profile: Mozambique, Utrecht: Commissie MER.

Nill, D., Ackermann, K., van den Akker, E., Schöning, A., Wegner, M., van der Schaaf, C., Pieterse, J. (2012). Water-spreading weirs for the development of degraded dry river valleys. Experience from the Sahel. GIZ, KfW. Retrieved from https://www.giz.de/fachexpertise/downloads/giz2013-en-water-spreading-weirs.pdf

Nordstrom, K. F., & Hotta, S. (2004). Wind erosion in the USA: A review of problems, solutions and prospects. Geoderma, 121, 157-167.

NSW Agriculture. (2003). Roads and salinity. Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources, Sydney.

ÖWAV-Regelblatt 35 – “Behandlung von Niederschlagswässern”, Regeln des österreichischen Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaftsverbandes, Österreichisches Normungsinstitut, 2002.

Packer, P. E. (1967). Criteria for Designing and Locating Logging Roads to Control Sediment. Forest Science. 13(1): 2-18.

Partington, M., Gillies, C., Gingras, B., Smith, C., and Morisette, J. (2016). Resource roads and wetlands: a guide for planning, construction and maintenance. Special Publication SP-530E. Pointe-Clire, QC: FPInnovations.

Penn State University (2013). Technical Bulletin: French Mattress.

Perez, M. A., Tegebu, F. N., and Steenbergen, F. Van. (2016). Roadside Planting in Ethiopia: Turning a Problem into an Opportunity, Sustainability in Development, 1(2), 98–115.

Petley, D.N., Hearn, G.J., Hart, A.B., Rosser, N.J., Dunning, S.A., Oven, K.J., Mitchell, W. (2007). Trends in landslide occurrence in Nepal. Natural Hazards 43(1):23–44.

Pfeifer, R. (1998). Schmutzstoffrück halt durch chemisch-physikalische Regenwasserbehandlung im Trennsystem22. Schriftenreihe des Institutes für Siedlungswasserwirtschaft Universität Karlsruhe, Band 92, Verlag Oldenbourg, München.

Phuyal D, Stamper K and Acharya M S. (2008). Green road approach: An appropriate method of hill road construction in Nepal for the preservation of mountain environment and landscape. Paper presented in the XIII International Interdisciplinary Conference on Unicity, Uniformity and Universality in the Identification of the Landscape and Cultural Mosaic, Aquileia-UD, September 2008.

Pinners, Elise (no date) Vetiver System bio-engineering in semiarid areas: how to establish and maintain hedges. Director TVNI, Director Green Cycle Consultancy Ltd. with thanks to Criss Juliard and Dick Grimshaw, TVNI. www.vetiver.org

Poudel, D.D., Duex, T.W. (2017). Vanishing springs in Nepalese mountains: assessment of water sources, farmers’ perceptions, and climate change adaptation. Mountain Research and Development 37(1):35–46.

Pringle, C. (2003). What is hydrologic connectivity and why is it ecologically important? Hydrological Processes, 17(13), 2685–2689. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.5145

Pritchard, O.G., Hallett, S.H. and Farewell, T.S. (2015). Soil geo-hazard mapping for improved asset management of UK local roads. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, pp 2079-2090.

Queensland, Deparment of Transport and Major Roads (2015). Road drainage manual – July 2015 edition. Retrieved from https://www.tmr.qld.gov.au/business-industry/Technical-standards-publications/Road-drainage-manual.aspx

Rahul, J., & Jain, M. K. (2014). An Investigation in to the Impact of Particulate Matter on Vegetation along the National Highway: A Review. Research Journal of Environmental Sciences, 8(7), 356.

RAP 3. 2015. LRN Implementation Manual (Working Draft).  4th update, February 2017. Rural Access Programme Phase 3, Lalitpur, Nepal. Retrieved from http://rapnepal.com/sites/default/files/report-publication/lrn_manual_4th_update_1st_february_2017_0.pdf [accessed 31 October 2018]

RAP 3. 2016. Environmental Impact Assessment Study of Gamgadi-Chankheli-Darma Road (Mugu and HUmla Districts). May 2016. Rural Access Programme Phase 3, Lalitpur, Nepal.

RAP 3. 2018 a. Climate Resilience Audit of Maure-Kailasmandu District Road Bajura. April 2018. Rural Access Programme Phase 3, Lalitpur, Nepal.

RAP 3. 2018 b. Specific Maintenance Groups: Implementation Guideline. August 2018. Rural Access Programme Phase 3, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Red Cross (2013). Community shelter guidelines in Mozambique.

Schiechtl, H. M., & Stern, R. (Roland). (1997). Water bioengineering techniques for watercourse, bank and shoreline protection. Blackwell Science. Retrieved from http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/15620281?q&versionId=46375464

Shariful Islam, M. (2013). Study on Growth of Vetiver Grass in Tropical Region for Slope Protection. International Journal of Geomate, (December 2013). https://doi.org/10.21660/2013.10.3163

Sidle, R.C., Ziegler, A.D., Negishi, J.N., Nik, A.R., Siew, R., Turkelboom, F. (2006). Erosion processes in steep terrain—Truths, myths, and uncertainties related to forest management in Southeast Asia. Forest Ecology and Management 224(1–2):199–225.

Smith, E. R. (2006). Floodway Design Guide. https://doi.org/6702-02-2230

State of Queensland (2015). (Department of Transport and Main Roads): Road Drainage Manual Chapter 10: Floodway design. https://www.tmr.qld.gov.au

Steenbergen, F. van, Al-Abyadh, M., and Salah, S. (2014). Water from Roads in Yemen: A guidance Note. International Fund for Agriculture Development. Available in: http://roadsforwater.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/GN-Yemen-water-from-roads.pdf

Tawhid, K.G. (2004). Causes and Effects of Water Logging in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Master Thesis, Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering. Royal Institute of Technology. Stockholm, Sweden.

Temmink, T. (2015). From a problem towards potential: improving rural road design in drylands, a modelling case study for a catchment in the Tigray region, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Utrecht University.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1991). The Fresno Scraper: Invented in 1883: A national Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark. Fresno California.

The United Nations Secretary (2015). General’s High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport Position Paper on Financing Sustainable Transport. Addis Ababa.

Thibault, A.F. (2014). Climate Change: Implication for Transport. Key findings from the IPCC AR5. University of Cambridge and BSR.

Tong, Z., Whitlow, T. H., MacRae, P. F., Landers, A. J., & Harada, Y. (2016). Quantifying the effect of vegetation on near-road air quality using brief campaigns. Environmental Pollution, 201, 141-149.

Transport & ICT (2015). Moving Toward Climate-Resilient Transport: The World Bank’s Experience from Building Adaptation into Programs. World Bank, Washington DC.

United Nations Secretary General (2015). Rural road crossings: A vehicle for water investment in drylands. Addis Ababa: High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport. Retrieved from http://www.excellentdevelopment.com/site-assets/files/resources/publications/lr_roads-brochure-final.pdf

UNRCO (2016) Mozambique: Drought, Situation Report No. 4. may

US Forest Service (2018) Fs.fed.us. https://www.fs.fed.us/

USEPA (1983). Results of the Nationwide Urban Runoff Program. Final Report, Water Plann. Div. Washington.

Valentyne, A., Crawford, K., Cook, T., and Mathewson, P.D. (2018). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination and source profiling in watersheds serving three small Wisconsin, USA Cities. Science of The Total Environment. Elsevier. Vol. 627. pp 1453-1463.

Van Steenbergen, F., Lawrence, P., Mehari Haile, A., Faures, J.M. and Salman, M. (2010). ‘Guidelines for spate irrigation’, Irrigation and Drainage Paper 46, Rome: FAO.

Van Steenbergen F. V. (2017). Road-Side Borrow Pits as Ponds for Off-Season Small-Scale Irrigation. Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany.

Van Steenbergen, F., Woldearegay, K., Agujetas Perez, M., Manjur K., Al-Abyadh M.A. (2018). Roads: Instruments for Rainwater Harvesting, Food Security and Climate Resilience in Arid and Semiarid Areas. In: Leal Filho W., de Trincheria Gomez J. (eds.) Rainwater-Smart Agriculture in Arid and Semiarid Areas. Springer, Cham.

VicRoads Tree Planting Policy, 2015.

Victoria State Government (2016). VicRoads Tree Planting Policy. Revision 2.0.

WaterAid (2013). Protection of spring sources. Technical brief.

Watson, C., Caravani, A., Mitchell, T., Kellett, J., & Peters, K. (2015). Finance for reducing disaster risk: 10 things to know/programmes/climate-environment. Retrieved from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/Wemple, B. C. (2013). Assessing the Effects of Unpaved Roads on Lake Champlain Water Quality. New England interstate Water Pollution Control Commission, Lake Champlain Basin Program.

WHO (2003). Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in Drinking water: Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality.

WHO (2014). “Investing in water and sanitation: increasing access, reducing inequalities” UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water GLAAS 2014: Main Findings.

WHO (2017). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. Fourth Edition incorporating the first addendum. Geneva. World Health Organization.

Wilson, P.J. (1999). Pollution from highway runoff: The Highways Agency Approach. SCI Lecture Papers Series.

WMO & GWP (2011). Flood Emergency Planning A Tool for Integrated Flood Management. Retrieved from

https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Tool_16_Flood_Emergency_Management.pdf

Woldearegay, Kifle. (2016). Short Communication: Quality of water from roads; the case of Freweign-Hawzien-Abreha.

Woldearegay, Kifle, Lulseged Tamene and Frank van Steenbergen (forthcoming). Groundwater recharge through landscape restoration and surface water harvesting for climate resilience; the case of Tekeze River Basin, Northern Ethiopia

World Bank (2008). Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Areas of the ECA Region: A contribution to the Umbrella Report on adaptation to climate change in ECA. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ECAEXT/Resources/258598-1243892418318/Coastal.pdf

World Bank (2013). Nepal Road Sector Assessment Study. May 2013. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.

World Bank (2016). World Bank Environmental and Social Framework. World Bank, Washington, DC.

World Bank, and GFDRR (2017). Road Geo-hazard Risk Management: Supporting countries to build disaster resilient roads. Solution Brief.

World Bank, IFC, and MIGA (2016). “World Bank Group Climate Change Action Plan 2016–2020.” World Bank, Washington DC.

World Bank (2017). Environmental and Social Framework. World Bank, Washington DC.

Xu, X. K., Zhang, Y., Kong, J., Chen, & Yu, B. (2006). Effectiveness of erosion control measures along the Qinghai-Tibet plateau highway, Tibetan plateau, China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 11, 302-309.

Yaron, G. (2018). Case Study: Exploring the cost-benefit of roads for water in Ethiopia. Submitted by Itad in association with the Global Resilience Partnership (GRP).

Yousef, Y.A., Harper, H.H., Wiseman, L.P., and Bateman, J.M. (1985). Consequential Species of Heavy Metals in Highway Runoff. Transportation Research Record No.1017, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Zeedyk, B. (2006). A Good Road Lies Easy on the Land… Water Harvesting from Low-Standard Rural Roads [pdf] Santa Fe: the Quivira coalition, Zeedyk ecological consulting, llc, the Rio Puerco management committee – Watershed initiative, and the New Mexico environment department – Surface Water Quality bureau. <http://quiviracoalition.org/images/pdfs/1888-a_good_road_lies_easy_on_the_land.pdf> [accessed 10 January 2018].

Zumrawi, M.M.E. (2016). Investigating Surface Drainage Problem Of Roads In Khartoum State. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. Vol. 7. Issue 3. pp. 91–103.